Teeth are used for biting into and chewing food. Their interaction with the lips and tongue helps a same Day Dentures Jersey City person speak clearly. Children have 20 primary teeth, which begin to erupt, or break through the gums, at about six months of age. At six years of age, the primary teeth start to fall out, as permanent teeth replace them. The number of permanent teeth is 32. The crown, or top, of each tooth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in the human body.
Lack of dental or oral care is the main reason for our teeth's deterioration. However, genes can also affect the state of our overall dental health. According to one Orlando dentist, the three main diseases of human teeth are tooth decay, also called dental caries; gum disease, or periodontal disease; and problems with tooth alignment, called malocclusions. Human teeth problems are treated or prevented by the dentists.
Dr. Delhart Courtney and his team is one example of a reliable clinic to go to in such cases. They provide a complete set of dental services for Orlando, Winter Springs, Longwood, Lake Mary & Surrounding Orlando, FL areas.
But before rushing into the dentist's clinic, one has to at least know the fundamentals of oral health and the available procedures to fix specific dental problems. Tooth decay begins when bacteria are passed from mothers or caregivers to children between their first and second birthdays. When these bacteria are exposed to sugars commonly found in food, the bacteria produce harmful acids that attack tooth enamel. If left unchecked, the acid eats holes in the enamel and forms dental cavities of tooth decay. Dentists use preventive treatments to reduce the risk of cavities and tooth decay by applying clear plastic coatings painted on the teeth, called dental sealants. Another preventive dental practice is the application of the mineral fluoride which fortifies tooth enamel. Fluoride is also added to public water supplies in a process called fluoridation, which benefits more than 150 million Americans today.
If tooth decay is not caught in time, it may reach an interior portion of the tooth called the pulp, where it can cause pain and infection. To correct this problem, dentists perform a procedure called root canal therapy, during which they remove the pulp, replace it with artificial material onto the damaged tooth. Root canal therapy enables us to save our tooth instead of taking the more invasive option of getting dental implants or dentures. The tooth which has been emptied out can be covered up with either a dental crown or veneers. A crown or a veneer is a procedure under cosmetic dentistry which allows us to improve the appearance of our teeth. They could either be made by two materials--composite or porcelain. Porcelain crowns and veneers are more closely similar to real teeth.
Teeth that are crowded, crooked, or out of alignment make it more difficult to clean teeth, which can lead to other oral health problems such as tooth decay and gum disease. Braces are the general solution. However, a new procedure called Invisalign is now available in the market and has been said to be better than braces. Invisalign's main feature is its transparency--almost unnoticeable at a distance. You can take it off like a retainer, but it effectively aligns teeth like braces do.
Teeth whitening is also a popular procedure among Americans. White teeth can brighten up ones face and is indicative of good hygiene. Zoom whitening is a teeth whitening procedure offered by Dr. Delhart Coutney of Orlando. Zoom Whitening combines the power of a special gel solution and light to penetrate teeth and break up stains and discolorations. Cosmetic dentistry has been using this procedure for more than 5 years.
To set an appointment with a general dentist, or to inquire about procedures such as oral surgery or a simple cleaning, contact Dr. Delhart Courtney of Orlando now.